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Beyond Spectroscopy. II. Stellar Parameters for over 20 Million Stars in the Northern Sky from SAGES DR1 and Gaia DR3

Huang, Yang et al., 2023, The Astrophysical Journal, 957, 65 | View on ADS (2023ApJ...957...65H)

Abstract

We present precise photometric estimates of stellar parameters, including effective temperature, metallicity, luminosity classification, distance, and stellar age, for nearly 26 million stars using the methodology developed in the first paper of this series, based on the stellar colors from the Stellar Abundances and Galactic Evolution Survey (SAGES) Data Release 1 and Gaia Early Data Release 3. The optimal design of stellar-parameter sensitive uv filters by SAGES has enabled us to determine photometric-metallicity estimates down to -3.5, similar to our previous results with the SkyMapper Southern Survey (SMSS), yielding a large sample of over five million metal-poor ([Fe/H] ≤ -1.0) stars and nearly one million very metal-poor ([Fe/H] ≤ -2.0) stars. The typical precision is around 0.1 dex for both dwarf and giant stars with [Fe/H] > -1.0, and 0.15-0.25/0.3-0.4 dex for dwarf/giant stars with [Fe/H] < -1.0. Using the precise parallax measurements and stellar colors from Gaia, effective temperature, luminosity classification, distance, and stellar age are further derived for our sample stars. This huge data set in the Northern sky from SAGES, together with similar data in the Southern sky from SMSS, will greatly advance our understanding of the Milky Way, in particular its formation and evolution.

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