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Redshifts of radio sources in the Million Quasars Catalogue from machine learning

Curran, S. J., Moss, J. P. & Perrott, Y. C., 2022, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society | View on ADS (2022MNRAS.tmp.1312C)

Abstract

With the aim of using machine learning techniques to obtain photometric redshifts based upon a source's radio spectrum alone, we have extracted the radio sources from the Million Quasars Catalogue. Of these, 44 119 have a spectroscopic redshift, required for model validation, and for which photometry could be obtained. Using the radio spectral properties as features, we fail to find a model which can reliably predict the redshifts, although there is the suggestion that the models improve with the size of the training sample. Using the near-infrared-optical-ultraviolet bands magnitudes, we obtain reliable predictions based on the 12 503 radio sources which have all of the required photometry. From the 80:20 training-validation split, this gives only 2501 validation sources, although training the sample upon our previous SDSS model gives comparable results for all 12 503 sources. This makes us confident that SkyMapper, which will survey southern sky in the u, v, g, r, i, z bands, can be used to predict the redshifts of radio sources detected with the Square Kilometre Array. By using machine learning to impute the magnitudes missing from much of the sample, we can predict the redshifts for 32 698 sources, an increase from 28 per cent to 74 per cent of the sample, at the cost of increasing the outlier fraction by a factor of 1.4. While the 'optical' band data prove successful, at this stage we cannot rule out the possibility of a radio photometric redshift, given sufficient data which may be necessary to overcome the relatively featureless radio spectra.

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