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The TESS light curve of AI Phoenicis

Maxted, P. F. L. et al., 2020, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 498, 332 | View on ADS (2020MNRAS.498..332M)


Accurate masses and radii for normal stars derived from observations of detached eclipsing binary stars are of fundamental importance for testing stellar models and may be useful for calibrating free parameters in these model if the masses and radii are sufficiently precise and accurate. We aim to measure precise masses and radii for the stars in the bright eclipsing binary AI Phe, and to quantify the level of systematic error in these estimates. We use several different methods to model the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) light curve of AI Phe combined with spectroscopic orbits from multiple sources to estimate precisely the stellar masses and radii together with robust error estimates. We find that the agreement between different methods for the light-curve analysis is very good but some methods underestimate the errors on the model parameters. The semi-amplitudes of the spectroscopic orbits derived from spectra obtained with modern ├ęchelle spectrographs are consistent to within 0.1 per cent. The masses of the stars in AI Phe are $M_1 = 1.1938 \pm 0.0008\, \rm M_{\odot }$ and $M_2 = 1.2438 \pm 0.0008\, \rm M_{\odot }$ , and the radii are $R_1 = 1.8050 \pm 0.0022\, \rm R_{\odot }$ and $R_2 = 2.9332 \pm 0.0023\, \rm R_{\odot }$ . We conclude that it is possible to measure accurate masses and radii for stars in bright eclipsing binary stars to a precision of 0.2 per cent or better using photometry from TESS and spectroscopy obtained with modern ├ęchelle spectrographs. We provide recommendations for publishing masses and radii of eclipsing binary stars at this level of precision.

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